As you plan to keep poultry around your home, you should plan to keep the environment safe for your neighbor’s and yourself too.
Below are some of our suggestions for poultry farmers to avoid environmental pollution.
- Your poultry farm has to be fenced off with either a built wall fence or a planted green belt with a wire mesh inside. Your guard dogs should never leave the fence. Your poultry roaming inside the fence should not get access to a neighbor’s garden. Rhecshorten fence should be 1.5 M high, with a secured entrance and outlet.
- To avoid polluting the environment with ammonia odour, the following should be considered;
• Proper ventilation and free air flow over manure collection points to keep it dry
• Protect manure from rain, and running water and cover it to avoid dust and odours in storage areas.
• Manure should be protected from unwanted pests or insects which may decompose it and increase ammonia smell.
• Avoid disposing dead birds anyhow! Collect them on a regular basis, and incinerate them without polluting the environment.
• Design, construct, operate and maintain waste drying and storage facilities with a capacity of your farm. Buy a manure dryer or dewatering machine for your farm depending on how big the farm is. Design a solar drier which can accommodate all the manure from your farm!
- PLANNING FOR FEED MILLS.
locate it on a aell elevated ground, near the entrance to the farm and isolated from other poultry houses. Have a separate entrance and exit for the feed mills accessible without going into poultry farm roads. The control gate / entrance must have a tyre bath. Let the feed mill have a strong concrete surface and rodent proof and raised above the ground level by minimum 3 ft. Store all feed ingredients on pallets. Provide dust masks for all feed mill workers. Frequently inspect the stored feed ingredients for pest infestations and necessary inrervations needed. You need exclusive storage facilities for feed additives like premises, amino acids, vitamins etc. Do not allow spillage to limit wastage and discourage habitation for pests and rodents. Wild birds, rodents, pests, flies etc should be prevented from getting in interaction with feeds.
- SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT.
The solid waste include Manure, hatchery debris, and dead birds.
Dead birds must be burned or buried in a 4 metres deep pit . And a compacted soil cover should be out when the pit is full. The incinerator should be located in down wind direction to the poultry houses and populated places. The incenerstor must be of sufficient size such that no un burnt carcasses are left in a day’s operation.
For Hatchery waste, efforts can be made to convert shells into animal feed as a source of calcium. Un hatched eggs must be disposed of by composting or added into pet food.
Waste water discharged from a farm’s operations should be collected under a soak pit.
Avoid exposing manure to rains.
Avoid any leakage of water in the farm.